Your Period with an Ostomy

It’s something that happens all of us ladies, but

is it something you consider discussing when you get diagnosed with a chronic illness?

It certainly wasn’t high on my priority list with my specialist and IBD nurse at the beginning of my #adventureswithachronicillness

A little medical history on me: I was diagnosed with PCOS – polycystic ovary syndrome – when I was 16. My IBD diagnosis happened seven years later in 2011. My PCOS was controlled mostly by birth control of which I tried many before a oral contraceptive settled my symptoms down. My periods were light and pretty painless. Until the IBD, that is. They took a while to come back – my specialist stopped all medications in order to get my IBD under control – but once they did, they were painful and made my IBD flare up, mildly. I switched to a contraceptive patch in 2012 and continued that until recently when I needed to have the implant fitted.

Do we all have increased IBD symptoms at that time of the month?

When asking fellow IBDers and fellow IBD ostomates, it seems that the resounding answer was yes!

The severity of this is, however, dependent on whether your disease is active or inactive. The proximity of the uterus to the bowel, both small and large, can trigger some of the abdominal discomfort we experience during our cycle. The contractions of the uterus can cause the bowel wall to move and stimulate the inflamed areas of your disease. This can in turn create some IBD related symptoms for 3-7 days during your cycle. They usually aren’t too extreme, but this depends on the location, severity and active nature of your disease. For many of the women I spoke to, periods for them were irregular whilst being treated for their IBD, it is one symptom that is a defining characteristic for IBD over that of men being diagnosed with IBD. It is, also, largely overlooked and written off as something else.

Does having an ostomy make your periods different in any way?

If your ostomy has been able to help control your IBD, then yes. This means that potential your disease activity is low. I’ve found that my regular cycle has returned to normal in the post op period and had continued as my IBD has settled down and gone into remission. Each month, the pain I feel is just period pain but it is a sharp and uncomfortable reminder of the IBD abdominal pain I would suffer from daily, so it takes me by surprise every time. It is acute, so I know that after 3 days I am back to living a life without pain.

How do you deal with your period with an ostomy?

Be in a colostomy, ileostomy or indeed a urostomy; there are some helpful tips to cope with this.

  • Give your body what it is craving. The salt and sugar is usually a sign of an electrolyte imbalance. Listen to this.
  • Keep hydrated in the right way, with plenty of water. This will help keep things as normal as possible during this period of time.
  • Tea, both English and herbal, can soothe the abdomen.
  • Heat therapy. Use a hot water bottle or have a relaxing bath to help ease the abdominal pain. Don’t leave anything too hot on the skin around your ostomy bag as this can cause irritation.
  • Gentle exercise. In a time when you probably don’t want to move, movement actually can help relax some of the muscles inside and help release endorphins to better your mood. Yoga or walking can be very helpful.
  • Getting enough sleep is important too. Being moody and sleep deprived is a dangerous mix!

Helpful links:

  1. Jenna from ‘A Balanced Belly’ – Can your period make IBD worse?
  2. Everyday Health – How Your Menstrual Cycle Affects Crohn’s Disease

Do you have any tips to help ease your own period? Has IBD affected your cycle? Did you have issues prior to diagnosis?

Feel free to comment, reply or message me!


  • Hena Jose

    07/07/2017 at 08:31

    Never knew about the link between IBD and monthly cycle. Very informative. Also God help you in dealing with IBD

  • Leah

    20/07/2017 at 04:05

    This is the first period since getting my ostomy and first time I’ve had this pain in a long time and had kinda freaked me out, and of course I’m out of my Ativan and my anxiety is out the roof! Fingers crossed I can sleep tonight!

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